The Division of Bicycle and Pedestrian Transportation (DBPT) works with other business units of NCDOT to design, prioritize, fund and manage bicycle and pedestrian projects. This page provides information and links regarding the policies and guidelines concerning these projects.

Design Guidance

WalkBikeNC, the North Carolina Statewide Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan, contains much useful information. In particular, chapter 6 of the plan contains a matrix with cross-references to design guidance for particular facility types. It is designed to help planners and project designers find guidance that is adaptable to context, especially in the planning and design of projects to carry out the Complete Streets policy.

The WalkBikeNC plan appendices are also rich with information useful to planners, including highly researched sections on the benefits of bicycling and walking; state bike routes; health; economic impacts; environment; lane width research; and crash and mode-share data by city and county.

The Pedestrian-Bicycle Infrastructure Network (PBIN) Glossary gives the correct terminology for bicycle and pedestrian facilities and features, with a description for each. This glossary of terms is useful for planners and others who need to refer to facilities by clear, defined terms so as to be understood and accepted in the context of transportation planning.

The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, published by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), defines the standards used by state departments of transportation nationwide to install and maintain traffic control devices such as pedestrian signals and crosswalk markings.

The Guide for the Planning, Design and Operation of Pedestrian Facilities, published by the American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO), provides guidelines for pedestrian facilities. The guide, which can be purchased here, recommends methods for accommodating pedestrians, which vary among roadway and facility types, and addresses the effects of land use planning and site design on pedestrian mobility.

AASHTO’s Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities, 4th Edition (available for purchase here) provides detailed planning and design guidelines on how to accommodate bicycle travel and operation in most cycling environments. It covers the planning, design, operation, maintenance, and safety of on-road facilities, shared use paths, and parking facilities.

The National Association of City Transportation Officials (NACTO) Urban Bikeway Design Guide provides options not included in the AASHTO Guide for the Development of Bicycle Facilities.

NACTO’s Urban Street Design Guide focuses on the design of city streets and public spaces, offering strategies for making streets safer, more livable, and more economically vibrant.

NCDOT adopted a Complete Streets Policy in 2009. It also created a set of design guidance called the Complete Streets Planning and Design Guidelines in 2012. These documents help guide the Department’s consideration for bicyclists and pedestrians as part of the roadway or bridge design process. Visit to learn more about the policy, sample projects and recent training activities.

For more information about the above design policies and NCDOT specific guidance for the design of greenways (shared-use paths), visit the NC Guidelines section of Connect NCDOT.

NCDOT’s Traffic Engineering Policies, Practices and Legal Authority (TEPPL) includes information about pedestrian signal placement and school bus transportation laws.

Project Prioritization

The Strategic Mobility Formula, a component of the Strategic Transportation Investments law, outlines the general structure of NCDOT’s project prioritization process. The formula includes three funding categories – Statewide Mobility, Regional Impact and Division Needs – with bicycle and pedestrian projects only eligible within the Division Needs category. Metropolitan Planning Organizations (MPOs), Rural Planning Organizations (RPOs), and NCDOT Divisions may submit projects through the prioritization process.

Independent bicycle and pedestrian projects (shared-use paths, bike lanes, sidewalks, intersection improvements, etc.) are comparatively evaluated and ranked based on a range of criteria and compete with projects from all other transportation modes.


Funding for bicycle and pedestrian projects can come from several federal programs, including:

The Strategic Mobility Formula aligns bicycle and pedestrian projects with SRTS, TAP or STP funds. The NCDOT Transportation Planning Branch and eligible MPOs direct the use of CMAQ for bicycle and pedestrian projects. HSIP funds are directed by the NCDOT Transportation Safety and Mobility Unit.

Please visit for more information about these funding programs.